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For most common infections, if you had it as a child, you are probably not at risk and, thus, your baby is not at risk.
This disease is caused by parvovirus B19 and is called fifth's disease because it is the 5th of 6 causes for childhood fever and rash. 50-75% of reproductive age women have immunity from past infections. A woman exposed to parvovirus can be tested for immunity and if no prior exposure is documented, the fetus can be monitored with ultrasounds.
GROUP B STREPTOCOCCUS (GBS)
About 1 in 4 pregnant women have the Group B Strep bacteria, yet very few babies actually become ill with it. A vaginal/rectal culture will be done between 35 and 37 weeks on all pregnant women. If it is positive, we recommend IV antibiotic treatment during labor.
There many different strains of the influenza virus. Influenza pneumonia is the most serious and potentially fatal complication in pregnant patients. The flu vaccine(s) (inactivated) are recommended for all pregnant women in any trimester.
This food-borne illness is the result of bacteria transmitted when eating certain foods. Prevention includes washing all fruits and vegetables before eating them, avoiding non-pasteurized milk/cheeses, raw or under cooked protein sources, and processed meats (hot dogs/deli meats) unless reheated to steaming. Juices/Cider should be pasteurized.
LYMPOCYTIC CHORIO MENINGITIS
The CDC recommends that women who are pregnant or planning pregnancy avoid all contact with rodents such as hamsters, gerbils, guinea pigs and mice, due to the possibility of the virus in these animals. In most healthy people, it causes no symptoms, but infected pregnant women can transmit the virus to the fetus, leading to fetal death or birth defects.
Is an infection caused by a parasite that can threaten the health of an unborn child. You can get the infection from handling soil or cat litter that contains cat feces infected with the parasite, eating under cooked meat from animals infected with the parasite or from uncooked foods t;hat have come in contact with contaminated meat. Indoor cats are far less likely to carry Toxoplasmosis than cats that are let outdoors. If you have been infected with Toxoplasma once, you usually will not become infected again. If there is a suspicion of infection, blood testing can be performed and, if confirmed, the pregnancy monitored closely.
Zika is a virus transmitted by mosquito bites. It can cause major birth and developmental problems in a fetus if contracted during pregnancy. The CDC recommends that both pregnancy women and their sexual partners avoid travel for the duration of the pregnancy to any area that has active Zika. If there is suspected exposure, Zika testing can be performed. Current advisories are found at CDC.gov/zika.